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Improving Medical Workflows and Mapping Patient Journeys

Improving Medical Workflows and Mapping Patient Journeys
Authors
Pedro Stark
8 giugno 2024
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Mapping the patient journey is all about understanding the full healthcare experience from the patient's perspective.

 

Have you ever felt frustrated or confused during a visit to a doctor’s office or hospital? Long wait times, confusing paperwork, and a lack of communication can make an already stressful situation even worse. But what if healthcare providers could see the full picture of your experience as a patient, from your very first symptom to your final follow-up visit? This is the concept behind mapping the patient's journey. By stepping into your shoes and understanding every phase of your healthcare experience, providers can pinpoint areas that need improvement and come up with strategies to simplify the process, making it more efficient for you.


According to a study published in The BMJ, mapping the full patient journey through the healthcare system can lead to a remarkable increase in operational efficiency for providers by 15-20%. The patient journey includes every step and interaction a patient experiences, from scheduling an initial appointment to completing follow-up care after treatment.


Key Stages of a Typical Patient Journey

 

The patient journey can be divided into three main stages:

 

1. Pre-visit Stage (40-60% of the journey)
This stage includes the initial steps taken by the patient before seeking medical attention. It includes:

Seeing symptoms and understanding the need for medical care
Researching healthcare providers, facilities, and treatment options
Scheduling appointments and making necessary arrangements

 

2. During-visit Stage (20-30% of the journey)
This stage involves the patient's direct interactions with the healthcare provider and facility. It typically includes:

Arrival and check-in processes
Consultations with healthcare professionals
Undergoing diagnostic tests or receiving treatment
Discharge planning and instructions

 

3. Post-visit Stage (15-25% of the journey)
The patient journey does not end with the completion of the visit. The post-visit stage includes:

Follow-up care and monitoring
Medication management and adherence
Providing feedback and reviews about the overall experience

 

Benefits of Patient Journey Mapping

 

Patient journey mapping offers many benefits to healthcare organizations, including:

 

1. Improves Patient Experience

A study conducted by Deloitte revealed that healthcare organizations that simplify and enhance the patient experience across all touchpoints can increase patient satisfaction scores by an impressive 35%.

 

2. Increases Operational Efficiency

 Increasing operational efficiency through process mapping helps identify obstacles and redundancies, and by simplifying the patient flow, it can significantly reduce wait times by 30-50%, improving the entire healthcare delivery system.

 

3. Enhances Care Quality

Understanding patient needs allows providers to redesign processes for better care coordination. This can reduce readmission rates by 10-15%.

 

4. Boosts Employee Engagement

Involving staff in mapping helps them better understand the patient's perspective, increasing engagement by 15-25%.

 

5. Increased Patient Retention

A study found that implementing automated appointment reminders and follow-up calls reduced no-show rates by 27% in a primary care setting, contributing to improved patient retention.


6. Drives Innovation
Mapping reveals opportunities for innovative solutions like digital tools, telemedicine, or process automation to enhance the patient experience.

 

Creating a Patient Journey Map

 

To create a patient journey map, follow these steps:

 

1. Gather Patient Data

Collect patient demographic, sociographic, and health information to create patient personas that serve as the cornerstone of your strategy. A study by the Beryl Institute found that 92% of healthcare organizations that prioritize patient experience see a positive impact on patient retention.

 

2. Ensure Communication Channels
Ensure all communication channels with patients are in place and functioning, including online channels, appointment lines, and reception desks. According to a survey by Accenture, 77% of patients expect healthcare providers to embrace technology for better communication and engagement.

 

3. Map the Patient Experience
Document the patient's actual engagement with the facility, identifying pain points and areas for improvement. A study by the Altarum Institute revealed that 81% of patients experienced at least one care coordination issue during their healthcare journey.

 

4. Focus on Patient Retention
Highlight what sets your facility apart from others, and create a regular follow-up care plan, including scheduled appointments, phone calls, and email reminders. Research by the Advisory Board Company found that healthcare organizations with effective patient retention strategies can increase their revenue by up to 25%.

 

Making Patient Experiences Better with Journey Mapping

 

Healthcare is going through big changes by using more technology to improve patient care. One exciting innovation is patient journey mapping - a way to visualize and understand a patient's full experience with the healthcare system.

 

Why Integration Matters

 

Studies show that healthcare providers who prioritize understanding and improving the patient experience see much higher profits - a 50% higher net margin compared to those who don't (Deloitte). With 77% of patients expecting technology for better communication and engagement (Accenture), integrating journey mapping is key.


However, combining journey mapping with current IT systems isn't easy. A remarkable 81% of patients face issues with care coordination during their healthcare journey (Altarum Institute). These stem from disconnected processes and systems - exactly what effective journey mapping can help fix.


By integrating journey mapping, healthcare organizations can increase revenue by up to 25% through better patient retention strategies (Advisory Board Company). Mapping illuminates opportunities like improving communication or streamlining appointments.

 

Journey Mapping's Rapid Growth

 

A recent review found 76.5% of 81 patient journey mapping studies were published since just 2015, showing accelerating interest. Diverse mapping approaches were used, like flow charts (34.5%), written descriptions (19.7%), images/graphs (11%), and timelines (8.6%). Study designs included quantitative methods (48.1%) and prospective data (43.2%).

 

How can Patient Journey Mapping be Integrated into Existing Healthcare IT Systems

 

Patient journey mapping can be integrated into existing healthcare IT systems in several ways to improve patient experiences and optimize care delivery:


1. Electronic Health Records (EHRs): Patient journey maps can be incorporated into EHRs to provide a comprehensive view of the patient's healthcare journey. This can include documenting touchpoints, interactions, procedures, and outcomes, allowing healthcare providers to understand the patient's complete experience and identify areas for improvement.

2. Patient Portals: Patient portals can be enhanced with patient journey mapping features, enabling patients to visualize their healthcare journey, access relevant information, and communicate with providers. This promotes patient engagement and empowerment throughout the care process.

3. Care Coordination Tools: Patient journey maps can be integrated into care coordination tools to facilitate seamless transitions between different care settings and providers. This ensures continuity of care and helps identify potential gaps or delays in the patient's journey.
4. Analytics and Reporting: By capturing and analyzing data from patient journey maps, healthcare organizations can generate valuable insights and reports. This data can be used to identify bottlenecks, inefficiencies, and areas for process improvement, ultimately leading to better patient experiences and outcomes.

5. Workflow Management Systems: Patient journey maps can be incorporated into workflow management systems to streamline and optimize care processes. This includes automating tasks, triggering notifications, and ensuring that the right resources are available at the right time, based on the patient's journey.

6. Decision Support Systems: Patient journey mapping data can be integrated into clinical decision support systems to provide healthcare providers with relevant information and recommendations based on the patient's specific journey and circumstances.

7. Telemedicine and Remote Monitoring: Patient journey maps can be used to enhance telemedicine and remote monitoring solutions, ensuring that virtual care is seamlessly integrated into the patient's overall healthcare journey and aligning with their needs and preferences.


References:

 

https://www.qmatic.com/blog/patient-journey-mapping
https://www.medesk.net/en/blog/patient-journey/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10099758/
https://www.medesk.net/en/blog/patient-journey/
https://finturf.com/blog/patient-journey-mapping/
https://academic.oup.com/eurjcn/advance-article/doi/10.1093/eurjcn/zvae012/7597463
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10099758/
https://researchnow-admin.flinders.edu.au/ws/portalfiles/portal/64541880/

Journal_of_Advanced_Nursing_2022_Davies_Reporting_and_
conducting_patient_journey_mapping_research_in_healthcare_A.pdf

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